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Cardinal Antonio, sen. Barberini (1569-1646)  (Art.-No.: 11672 ) 

One of the Inquisitors of Galilei's sentence 1633 
 
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Letter signed by Cardinal Antonio BARBERINI, seniore, O.F.M.Cap. (1569-1646), also known as the cardinal S. Onofrio. Became Cardinal under Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644). One of the Inquisitors of Galileo Galilei's sentence in 1633. Letter on old 17th century paper 25,5cm x 20cm / 10,25'x8' written by a secretary, dated Roma 15 mrzio 1637 and addressed to Todi Signed by Cardinal Barberini : 'Il?Card S.Onof'' His cardinal seal reads (if readable) : At left : CARD.TIT.S.HONVFRII At right : FR.ANT.S.R.E.PRESB. In very good condition for a 370 years old letter! Birth. 1569, Florence. Youngest son of Antonio Barberini and Camilla Barbadori. Brother of Pope Urban VIII. Uncle of Cardinals Francesco Barberini, seniore (1623) and Cardinal Antonio Barberini, iuniore (1627). Grand-uncle of Cardinal Carlo Barberini (1653). Great-grand-uncle of Cardinal Francesco Barberini, iuniore (1690). After an unhappy juvenile experience in the world, decided to enter the religious life. Education. Joined the Order of the Friars Minor Capuchins, 1592; changed his baptismal name, Marcello, to Antonio.Did his novitiate in Cortona; (no further educational information found). Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). Guardian of the convent of San Gimignano, Florence. Called to Rome by his brother the new pope in 1623, traveled at night and by foot accompanied only by other friars of his order. Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of October 7, 1624, with dispensation for having a nephew in the Sacred College of Cardinals; received the red hat and the title of S. Onofrio, November 13, 1624. In the absence of his nephew Cardinal Antonio, acted as secretary of State and cared for the affairs concerning the government of the Church. Episcopate. Elected bishop of Senigaglia, January 26, 1625. Consecrated, Sunday February 2, 1625, private chapel of His Holiness, Vatican palace, by Cardinal Laudivio Zacchia, bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto, assisted by Antonio Diaz, bishop of Cserta, and by Lorenzo Azzolini, bishop of Ripatransone. In August 1626, presided over the general chapter of his order in the convent of S. Maria in Aracoeli, Rome. The pope ordered him to stay in Rome and govern his diocese through vicars general. Resigned the government of the diocese before December 11, 1628. Secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, 1629; resigned the post, 1633. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 19, 1632 to February 16, 1632. Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, December 13, 1633, when his nephew Cardinal Francesco resigned the post; occupied it until his death. Grand penitentiary, October 3, 1633 until his death. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 7, 1636 to January 12, 1637. Pro-vicar general of Rome, 1636-1640. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, September 7, 1637. Continued to be known as the cardinal of S. Onofrio. Opted for the title of S. Maria in Trastevere, May 26, 1642. Lived quietly and privately as a religious and because of that was not involved in the collapse of his family that followed at the death of Pope Urban VIII. Participated in the conclave of 1644. Death. September 11, 1646, near 9 a.m., in the Barberini palace, Rome. Exposed and buried in the Capuchin church of the SS. Concezione, Rome, which he founded. For more information about Cardinal Barberini : http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1624.htm Full text in Italian of the Sentence of Galileo Galilei in July 1633 : http://www.minerva.unito.it/Storia/GalileoTesti/GalileoSentenzaTrascritta.htm  
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Cardinal Antonio, sen.  Barberini (1569-1646)

Cardinal Antonio, sen.  Barberini (1569-1646)